Character Bible Study: Andrew And Philip (2023)


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Andrew And Philip

INTRODUCTION: Peter was very prominent among the twelve apostles of Christ, but his brother Andrew is the one who first brought him to Jesus. Andrew and Philip are in the list of the twelve apostles in all four gospels, but most of the detail about them is found in the gospel of John. The name Andrew appears only in the four gospel accounts and once in Acts. There are two other men in the New Testament with the name Philip, and the second one was the brother of Herod, and he was the tetrarch of Iturea and of the region of Trachonitis. The third man named Philip is one of the seven deacons appointed by the apostles, and passages about him are found only in Acts.

NOTE: Scripture passages are from the King James 21st Century Version.


John 1 "35 Again the next day John stood with two of his disciples, 36 and looking upon Jesus as He walked, he said, "Behold the Lamb of God!" 37 And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. 38 Then Jesus turned and saw them following, and said unto them, "What seek ye?" They said unto Him, "Rabbi" (which is to say, being interpreted, "Master"), "where dwellest Thou?" 39 He said unto them, "Come and see." They came and saw where He dwelt and stayed with Him that day, for it was about the tenth hour. 40 One of the two who heard John speak, and followed Him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. 41 He first found his own brother Simon and said unto him, "We have found the Messiah" (which is, being interpreted, "the Christ"). 42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, He said, "Thou art Simon, the son of Jonah. Thou shalt be called Cephas" (which is by interpretation, "a stone")."

John 1 "43 The day following, Jesus would go forth into Galilee, and found Philip and said unto him, "Follow Me." 44 Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 45 Philip found Nathanael and said unto him, "We have found Him of whom Moses in the Law and the Prophets wrote: Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph." 46 And Nathanael said unto him, "Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?" Philip said unto him, "Come and see." 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to Him, and said of him, "Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!" 48 Nathanael said unto Him, "How knowest Thou me?" Jesus answered and said unto him, "Before Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee." 49 Nathanael answered and said unto Him, "Rabbi, Thou art the Son of God; Thou art the King of Israel." 50 Jesus answered and said unto him, "Because I said unto thee, 'I saw thee under the fig tree,' believest thou? Thou shalt see greater things than these." 51 And He said unto him, "Verily, verily I say unto you, hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.""

COMMENTS: In John's gospel, Andrew and another unnamed disciple of John the Baptist followed Jesus after John had referred to him as the Lamb of God. They stayed with Jesus because it was late in the day. The text then says that Andrew first brought his brother Peter to Jesus, and Jesus gave him the name Cephas. The next day Jesus was in Galilee and he found Philip and said to him "follow me." Philip then found Nathaniel to tell him about Jesus, and this could be that Philip was the unnamed disciple of John the Baptist with Andrew, and he did a similar thing, with Nathaniel, to that which Andrew had done first in finding his own brother. Andrew had told Peter "We have found the Messiah" and Philip told Nathaniel "We have found Him of whom Moses in the Law and the Prophets wrote: Jesus of
the son of Joseph." It is possible that when Andrew and Philip said "we" they were speaking of their experience together. Even though Nathaniel was skeptical because Jesus was from Nazareth, Philip simply said "Come and see" and Nathaniel went with him to Jesus. That was the same phrase Jesus had used when the two disciples of John the Baptist asked him where he was staying. We don't know directly from the text what convinced Andrew and Philip that Jesus is the Messiah, but each one brought another person to him, and they heard the words Jesus spoke to the one they had brought to him. For Philip, this included witnessing the statement that Jesus made to Nathaniel that he had seen him under the fig tree. That was probably just as surprising to Philip as it was to Nathaniel for apparently that location was well beyond THE RANGE OF eyesight.


Mark 1 "14 Now after John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom of God 15 and saying, "The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God is at hand. Repent ye and believe the Gospel." 16 Now as He walked by the Sea of Galilee, He saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea, for they were fishers. 17 And Jesus said unto them, "Come ye after Me, and I will make you to become fishers of men." 18 And straightway they forsook their nets, and followed Him. 19 And when He had gone a little farther thence, He saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the boat mending their nets. 20 And straightway He called them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants, and went after Him."

Mark 1 "21 And they went into Capernaum, and straightway on the Sabbath day He entered into the synagogue and taught. 22 And they were astonished at His doctrine, for He taught them as one who had authority, and not as the scribes. 23 And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out, 24 saying, "Let us alone. What have we to do with Thee, Thou Jesus of Nazareth? Hast Thou come to destroy us? I know Thee and who Thou art�the Holy One of God!" 25 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Hold thy peace, and come out of him!" 26 And when the unclean spirit had torn him and cried out with a loud voice, he came out of him. 27 And they were all amazed, insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying, "What thing is this? What new doctrine is this? For with authority he commandeth even the unclean spirits, and they obey him." 28 And immediately His fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee. 29 And forthwith when they had come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. 30 But Simon's wife's mother lay sick with a fever, and at once they told Him of her. 31 And He came and took her by the hand and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them."

COMMENTS: In the first part of the passage above we find that four men were called by Jesus from their livelihood as fishermen to begin a new occupation to be fishers of men and they immediately responded. Simon is the name used here, rather than Cephas, for Andrew's brother. As the passage continues they witnessed a miraculous event in the synagogue a Capernaum, and when they left they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, which provides a small detail of the close living relationship between these two brothers. The parallel passage in Luke simply refers to it as Simon's house. Once they were in the house, they witnessed an immediate healing of Simon's mother-in-law.


John 6 "1 After these things Jesus went across the Sea of Galilee which is the Sea of Tiberias. 2 And a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His miracles which He did on those who were diseased. 3 And Jesus went up onto a mountain, and there He sat with His disciples. 4 Now the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh. 5 And when Jesus lifted up His eyes and saw a great company coming unto Him, He said unto Philip, "Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?" 6 And this He said to test him, for He Himself knew what He would do. 7 Philip answered Him, "Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little." 8 One of His disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said unto Him, 9 "There is a lad here who hath five barley loaves and two small fishes, but what are they among so many?" 10 And Jesus said, "Make the men sit down." Now there was much grass in the place; so the men sat down, in number about five thousand."

COMMENTS: This event is described in all four gospel accounts, and each one has differing details as those authors were guided by the Holy Spirit in their record. The other three passages are found in Matthew 14:15-21, Mark 6:35-44, and Luke 9:12-17. These other three accounts speak of the disciples as a group as they requested that Jesus send the crowd away; and as they responded about the small portion of food available. Only in John's gospel is it recorded that Jesus asked Philip where they could buy food to feed the large crowd, and as part of the twelve disciples he may have been the representative one who made the response that is found in Mark and Luke. Whether that is the case, or whether there was more than one of the disciples who made similar remarks to Jesus, John's gospel states that Jesus wanted to test Philip because he already had his plan, and we know from further text that was to feed the crowd through a miracle. The remark attributed to Andrew in John's gospel about a lad who had five loaves and two fishes is attributed in a general sense to the apostles in the other gospel accounts. From the time Andrew followed the Lamb of God as pointed out by John the Baptist, and with his interaction about the loaves and fishes, Andrew seemed to have an expectant faith about Jesus.

The great difficulty of feeding thousands of people in an isolated location with virtually no food available, and the lesson Jesus intended to impart in his resolution by a miracle might have required that some time pass before the result of Philip's testing would be revealed. Philip's answer was the same as that attributed generally to the disciples in the other three accounts, and Jesus later asked all of them if they had not understood about the feeding of the five thousand, or another time of the feeding of four thousand because they did not see the difference between the physical needs of the body, and the spiritual distortions that could spread in their hearts by accepting improper teaching and practice. Matthew 16 "5 And when His disciples had come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread. 6 Then Jesus said unto them, "Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees." 7 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, "It is because we have taken no bread." 8 But when Jesus perceived this, He said unto them, "O ye of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves, 'because ye have brought no bread'? 9 Do ye not yet understand, neither remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets ye took up? 10 Nor the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets ye took up? 11 How is it that ye do not understand that I spoke it not to you concerning bread, but that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees?" 12 Then understood they that He bade them not to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees."


Mark 13 "1 And as He went out of the temple, one of His disciples said unto Him, "Master, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here!" 2 And Jesus answering, said unto him, "Seest thou these great buildings? There shall not be left one stone upon another that shall not be thrown down." 3 And as He sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked Him privately, 4 "Tell us, when shall these things be? And what shall be the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled?" 5 And Jesus answering them, began to say, "Take heed lest any man deceive you. 6 For many shall come in My name, saying, 'I am Christ!' and shall deceive many. 7 And when ye shall hear of wars and rumors of wars, be ye not troubled, for such things must come to pass; but the end shall not be yet. 8 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there shall be earthquakes in divers places, and there shall be famines and troubles. These are the beginnings of sorrows. 9 "But take heed for yourselves, for they shall deliver you up to councils, and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten. And ye shall be brought before rulers and kings for My sake, for a testimony against them. 10 And the Gospel must first be proclaimed among all nations. 11 But when they shall lead you and deliver you up, take no thought beforehand what ye shall speak; neither need ye premeditate. But whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye; for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Spirit.""

COMMENTS: There are no names of the apostles given for this event as it is recorded in the gospels of Matthew and Luke, and this event is not recorded in the gospel of John. There are several different passages in the gospel accounts that describe events when Peter, James, and John were the only men with Jesus. The above passage is unique as it includes Andrew, and his name is listed after the other three apostles as they had a private audience with the Lord. Unlike Matthew and Luke that say the disciples remarked about the buildings, Mark indicates that one disciple made the comment to Jesus, but that one is not identified by name. But Jesus answered by saying to him, "Seest thou these great buildings? There shall not be left one stone upon another that shall not be thrown down." Then the four named apostles were together privately with Jesus as he was asked when this would happen. That led into a detailed discourse by Jesus that is presented differently in Matthew, Mark, and Luke. One of the important aspects is an assurance given by Jesus that there was no need to prepare in advance what to say before whom they would be delivered for ill treatment, because the Holy Spirit would speak through them. Many other things are covered as Jesus continued his discourse, and they have been available to numerous generations through the scriptures.


John 12 "20 And there were certain Greeks among them, who came up to worship at the feast. 21 They came therefore to Philip, who was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, "Sir, we would see Jesus." 22 Philip went and told Andrew, and again Andrew and Philip told Jesus. 23 And Jesus answered them, saying, "The hour is come that the Son of Man should be glorified. 24 Verily, verily I say unto you, unless a grain of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone; but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. 25 He that loveth his life shall lose it, and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. 26 If any man serve Me, let him follow Me; and where I am, there shall also My servant be. If any man serve Me, him will My Father honor. 27 "Now is My soul troubled, and what shall I say? 'Father, save Me from this hour'? But for this cause came I unto this hour. 28 Father, glorify Thy name." Then there came a voice from Heaven, saying, "I HAVE BOTH GLORIFIED IT, AND WILL GLORIFY IT AGAIN." 29 The people therefore who stood by and heard it said that it thundered. Others said, "An angel spoke to him." 30 Jesus answered and said, "This voice came not because of Me, but for your sakes. 31 Now is the judgment of this world; now shall the prince of this world be cast out. 32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto Me." 33 This He said, signifying what death He should die. 34 The people answered Him, "We have heard from the law that Christ abideth for ever; and how sayest thou, 'The Son of Man must be lifted up'? Who is this son of man?" 35 Then Jesus said unto them, "Yet a little while is the Light with you. Walk while ye have the Light, lest darkness come upon you; for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. 36 While ye have Light, believe in the Light, that ye may be the children of Light." These things spoke Jesus, and departed and hid Himself from them."

COMMENTS: John chapter twelve begins with Jesus entering into Jerusalem before the Passover feast for his final time, and many people were excited about his arrival. John 12 "12 On the next day many people who had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13 took branches of palm trees and went forth to meet Him and cried, "Hosanna! Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord!"" Verse twenty states that certain Greeks were among those who had come to the feast to worship. their purpose indicates that they had embraced Judaism, and there request to Philip shows a desire to know more about Jesus. The text does not tell us why they had gone to Philip with their request, nor does it explain why Philip took Andrew along to tell Jesus. This is now the third time that mention of Philip and Andrew has occurred within closely related verses in John's gospel. The next verse in the passage begins a very interesting discourse from Jesus, but it is not within the scope of this study to explore that content. However, that discourse must have become very significant to Philip and Andrew since it followed the request they brought to Jesus, and it likely helped them later to understand the significance of the cross and the resurrection for Jews and for Gentiles alike.


John 13 "31 Therefore when he had gone out, Jesus said, "Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in Him. 32 If God be glorified in Him, God shall also glorify Him in Himself, and shall straightway glorify Him. 33 Little children, yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek Me; and as I said unto the Jews, 'Whither I go ye cannot come,' so now say I to you. 34 A new commandment I give unto you: that ye love one another, as I have loved you, that ye also love one another. 35 By this shall all men know that ye are My disciples: if ye have love one for another." 36 Simon Peter said unto Him, "Lord, whither goest Thou?" Jesus answered him, "Whither I go thou canst not follow Me now, but thou shalt follow Me afterwards." 37 Peter said unto Him, "Lord, why cannot I follow Thee now? I will lay down my life for Thy sake." 38 Jesus answered him, "Wilt thou lay down thy life for My sake? Verily, verily I say unto thee, the cock shall not crow till thou hast denied Me thrice."

John 14 "1 "Let not your heart be troubled. Ye believe in God; believe also in Me. 2 In My Father's house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you unto Myself, that where I am, there ye may be also. 4 And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know." 5 Thomas said unto Him, "Lord, we know not whither Thou goest; and how can we know the way?" 6 Jesus said unto him, "I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life; no man cometh unto the Father, but by Me. 7 If ye had known Me, ye should have known My Father also; and from henceforth ye know Him, and have seen Him." 8 Philip said unto Him, "Lord, show us the Father, and it sufficeth." 9 Jesus said unto him, "Have I been so long a time with you, and yet hast thou not known Me, Philip? He that hath seen Me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, 'Show us the Father'? 10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me? The words that I speak unto you I speak not of Myself; but the Father that dwelleth in Me, He doeth the works. 11 Believe Me that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me; or else believe Me for the very works' sake."

COMMENTS: As Jesus had some private time with his apostles before the cross and the resurrection, he told them of some things that would not be clear to them until later. Near the end of John chapter thirteen, Judas Iscariot had gone out from the supper and would go to betray Jesus. The Lord told the remaining apostles that he would be glorified and that he would be going away and they could not follow, just as he had told the Jews they could not follow him. When Peter asked him where he was going, Jesus said the apostles would be able to follow him later. Peter did not understand this and he even said he would lay down his life for Jesus, but the Lord told him he would deny him three times before the next morning. The apostles were missing the immediate need they had to be bound to one another in love. This gives important context to the things said by Thomas and Philip in the next chapter.

The things Jesus said were somewhat distressing to the apostles and comfort was needed. Chapter fourteen opens with Jesus telling them to keep from being troubled in their hearts and to believe in him as they already believe in God. It is interesting that after they had been with him for three years and believed that he was the Messiah, he wanted them to believe in him as they believed in God. It would have been much easier for them (and for us) to believe in a new king who would establish a glorious kingdom immediately, than to accept other parts of prophecy that would delay that process, but also prove that the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us. The unclear prophecies included all the suffering that was to follow for Jesus that he might bear the sins of many for the redemption of their souls, as verified by the resurrection. But then there would be an undefined length of time before the kingdom of God would replace the present world system.

Jesus said he would prepare a place for them, and return to take them to that place. When he said they knew where he was going and they knew the way to that place, Thomas said to the Lord that they did not know where he was going so how could they know the way. Jesus said to him, "I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life; no man cometh unto the Father, but by Me. If ye had known Me, ye should have known My Father also; and from henceforth ye know Him, and have seen Him." When the Apostle John wrote his gospel some years after the resurrection of Christ Jesus, he provided Holy Spirit guided truth about Jesus that was not completely revealed when Thomas asked his question, or when Philip made his follow-up request after Jesus had answered Thomas. John 1 "15 John bore witness of Him and cried, saying, "This was He of whom I spoke, 'He that cometh after me is preferred before me, for He was before me.'" 16 And of His fullness have we all received, and grace for grace. 17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. 18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared Him."

We should be thankful for the record of the spontaneous remarks made by Thomas and Philip, for we would have been at least as confused as they were had we been with them . Philip asked to see the Father to be satisfied with what was to come, and Jesus said after so long a time together, Philip should have realized that whoever had seen Jesus had seen the Father. Jesus made the point that it is essential to believe that he is in the Father, and the Father is in him, as all the words and the works by Jesus are by the Father. If it would be difficult for Philip to believe what Jesus said of himself, then he told him to believe because of the works that he had done. None of the other apostles showed any evidence of a better understanding of the response Jesus gave to Philip, as all of them were present at this private meal. Later, they all abandoned Jesus when he was taken prisoner to be crucified, and were amazed when he came forth from the grave. But those apostles became part of the foundation of the Lord's church as Paul wrote in one of his letters. Ephesians 2 "19 Now therefore, ye are strangers and foreigners no more, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God. 20 Ye are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone, 21 in whom all the building, fitly framed together, groweth unto a holy temple in the Lord. 22 In Him ye also are built together for a habitation of God through the Spirit."


Acts 1 "1 In the former treatise, O Theophilus, I have given an account of all that Jesus began both to do and teach 2 until the day in which He was taken up, after He had given commandments through the Holy Spirit unto the apostles, whom He had chosen. 3 To these also He showed Himself alive after His passion by many infallible proofs, being seen by them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the Kingdom of God. 4 And being assembled together with them, He commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, "which," saith He, "ye have heard from Me; 5 for John truly baptized with water, but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days hence." 6 When they therefore had come together, they asked of Him, saying, "Lord, wilt Thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?" 7 And He said unto them, "It is not for you to know the times or the seasons which the Father hath put in His own power. 8 But ye shall receive power after the Holy Spirit is come upon you; and ye shall be witnesses unto Me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth." 9 And when He had spoken these things, while they beheld, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight. 10 And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel, 11 who also said, "Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who is taken up from you into Heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen Him go into Heaven." 12 Then they returned unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a Sabbath day's journey. 13 And when they had come in, they went up into an upper room where abode both Peter and James, and John and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot, and Judas the brother of James. 14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brethren."

COMMENTS: In the time period as the book of Acts opens Judas the traitor is no longer alive. The listing of the eleven remaining apostles is the last time Andrew and Philip are in the record of the New Testament. Jesus showed Himself alive to his chosen apostles after His resurrection, by many infallible proofs, being seen by them forty days. He spoke of the things pertaining to the Kingdom of God. He commanded them to remain at Jerusalem until they received the promise of the Father to be baptized with the Holy Spirit. They asked Jesus if it was time to restore the kingdom to Israel, and they were told it was not for them to know the times or the seasons that are in the Father's power. They would receive power after the Holy spirit had come upon them and be witnesses for Jesus both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth. The "infallible proofs" about the resurrection of Jesus, coupled with the power of the Holy Spirit for the believer, assures that the witness about Christ Jesus and the Kingdom of God will go throughout all the earth. An ideal characteristic for local assemblies is summarized in verse 14 as they were all consistent and in agreement in their purpose of prayer and supplication. The women who had often been around Jesus during his ministry, Mary the mother of Jesus, and the brethren of Jesus were part of that first assembly.


Lord, I thank you for the record in scripture of Andrew and Philip that has helped me to see their relationship to each other, and some of the events that highlighted two apostles less prominent than Peter. Though they were of a working class in the district of Galilee, the residents of which were not highly respected by many Jewish leaders, you chose them to be part of the foundation of your church with the other apostles and prophets. Andrew applied his knowledge of scripture and the preaching of John the Baptist to seek you Lord, and after you had invited him to "come and see" he was excited to share with his brother what he had found in you. Help me, Lord, whether I talk or write about your kingdom, to be careful to base my content on scripture with my goal to bring glory to you. Philip was approached by others who wanted to see Jesus, and he and Andrew were together in their desire for them to have that opportunity. Help me, Lord, to have that type of desire to bring others to Christ when the opportunity is presented, and to be willing to partner with other believers in that process to the benefit of all involved. Guide me by your Spirit as I read your Word that I will come to a more complete understanding, realizing that you are ready to comfort me in my struggle to serve you in the way you desire for me. Help me, Lord, to remember that you want your disciples to be known by their love for each other so my actions will follow that pattern, especially when my old nature may tempt me to do otherwise. May I be consistent to meet faithfully with other believers in a local assembly for study of your Word that we may then apply what the Spirit reveals to us for prayer and supplication. Give me the patience to wait in eager expectation knowing you will come again. Amen.

Published 30 May 2014

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