List of languages in Nigeria and their states: all the details (2022)

There are so many countries in the world, and every country has its own unique language. Although Nigeria has English as its official language, many other local languages are still alive and spread widely across the country. Let’s find out how many languages are in Nigeria and which ones are mother tongue languages to Nigerians.

List of languages in Nigeria and their states: all the details (1)

A long time ago, Nigeria chose English to be the official language. The former colonial language was supposed to unite the country not only in cultural but in a linguistic ways as well. These days, the youths and adults prefer to speak English, especially in urban areas and big cities. However, rural population have not given up on their traditions and stick to their roots, speaking local languages.

As a result, there are over 520 languages spoken in Nigeria, there still remain some major languages in states. Hausa, Urhobo, Fulfulde, Igbo, Yoruba, Ibibio, Edo, and Kanuri have most of the speakers in Nigerian states.

Read alsoCan you name the best English speaking countries in Africa

The huge number of tribes and peoples living in Nigeria is of interest to researchers of local dialects. The most widely spoken of the 529 languages in Nigeria is Yoruba. It is especially common in the western and southwestern parts of the state. The areas where the Yoruba language is spread is called Yorubaland.

The Hausa language also serves as a means of interethnic communication in West Africa among the Muslim population. In addition to 18.5 million Nigerians, residents of Niger, Sudan, Cameroon, Ghana and Benin can speak Hausa.

READ ALSO: How many tribes in Nigeria?

Most spoken languages in Nigeria

List of languages in Nigeria and their states: all the details (3)

1. Hausa

It is the most common language in Nigeria. It is also often associated with the Islamic culture. According to the electronic edition of Ethnologue - 1991 SIL, for 18.5 million of Nigerians Hausa is the first language and 15 million speak this language as the second. If we consider Wikipedia data for 2016, Hausa is the native language for about 70 million people, at the same time for 50 million of Nigerians, it is the second language. Sokoto, Kaduna, Katsina, Kano, Bauchi, Jigawa, Zamfara, Kebbi, and Gombe states are main areas that speak the Hausa language. The Hausa language is not just the states' local dialect. It is used for broadcasting on international radio stations, such as the BBC.

Read alsoTop fascinating facts about Nigeria

2. Igbo

More than 24 million people in Nigeria use the Igbo language for daily communication. Citizens of Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo states use the Igbo language as their first language. In some parts of Akwa Ibom, Delta and Rivers states, the Igbo language is also spoken. But the Igbo language is prevalent in not Nigeria alone. It gained its popularity in Cameroun and Equatorial Guinea. This is due to the rate of immigrants from Nigeria into those countries.

3. Yoruba

The Yoruba language is now spoken by about 21 million people (18.9 million - the first language and 2 million as second) in Nigeria. The Yoruba language is a major language in Nigeria. The main areas that speak this language are Oyo, Osun, Kwara, Ogun, Ondo, and Lagos states and some parts of Kogi State. Yoruba is also widely spoken outside Nigeria. Same as the Igbo language, it is so widespread abroad due to Nigerian immigrants in the UK and the USA. This makes the Yoruba language the top most spoken Nigerian language in the world.

Read alsoHow many major cultures are there in Nigeria?

4. Fulfulde

It is spoken by the Fulani diaspora in Northern Nigeria and cattle pastoralists across the Sahel.

11.5 million Nigerians speak this language (2000) and the number is increasing ( 340,000 in Sokoto). The language is spoken in daily communication particularly in Kano, Katsina, Jos plateau, Bororo, Zaria, Maiduguri, Sokoto states.

(Video) Languages of Nigeria

5. Kanuri

One of the most spoken languages in Nigeria is Kanuri. More than 3 million people consider Kanuri to be their first language and now Kanuri is spoken mostly in Borno, Gombre, Yobe, and Jigawa States. However, there are also about 500,000 people, who although do not speak Kanuri every day but use it as a second language occasionally.

6. Ijaw

This language has a few different dialects. More than 2 million people in Delta, Ondo Bayelsa, and Ekiti states speak it. Egbema, Ikibiri Arogbo, and West Tarairi languages are considered to be this language's dialects.

READ ALSO: South East states in Nigeria

7. Pidgin English

Have you heard anything about this type of English? Pidgin English is a blend of English and ethnic Nigerian languages. These days, there about 30 million speakers in Nigeria and the Pidgin language is mostly spoken in the Niger Delta region.

8. Tiv

It is another major and at the same time minor language in Nigeria. About 2 million people in Nigeria speak this language, mainly in Benue State. Moreover, the language is widespread in Plateau, Nassarawa, and Taraba states.

9. Ibibio

1.5 million native speakers who consider this language as their first, while 4.5 million of Nigerians speak Ibibio as the second language. They are all mostly located in Akwa Ibom State but the speakers can be found in Abia, Rivers, and Cross River states. Aside from English, the Ibibio language is also taught in primary and secondary schools. Also, the local language of Akwa Ibom state is used for broadcasting on radio and television programs.

Read alsoList of ethnic groups in Benue State

10. Edo

Last, but not least – the Edo language and its 1 million native speakers. They live mostly in Edo State. There is a lack of common language in Edo state, so from time to time some efforts are put by the government to regulate the situation. Edo language is also spoken in Ondo and Delta states.

“Kewu” or “Bawo”: languages’ popularity in different states

List of languages in Nigeria and their states: all the details (8)

Abia State

Igbo is the only one language spoken in Abia state. It is used both for official documentation, and for daily communication.

Adamawa State

More than 58 languages are spoken as first languages in Adamawa State. Of course, there are some major languages in the state, such as: Bura phabir, Fultfulde, Huba (Kilba), Bacama/Bata (Bwatiye), Longuda, Mumuye, and Samba Daka.

The other languages in Adamawa State are minor. Partially, due to the influence of Hausa and Fulfulde languages, and partially because of English language’s influence.

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(Video) how to draw map of nigeria and their states I how to draw the map of nigeria showing the 36 states

Anambra State

There are only three languages spoken in Anambra state. Igala and Igbo are the most spoken ones with Igbo dominating over Igala language. Aduge language remains a minor dialect in the state.

Akwa Ibom State

Nearly 20 languages are spoken now in Akwa Ibom State. The main languages are Anaang, Ibibio and Igbo. Such languages as Ebughu, Efai, Ekit, Ibino, Ibuoro, etc are not spoken at all, or referred to endangered languages group.

Bauchi State

Bauchi is the top lingustic state in country for 60+ languages are spoken there. There are also some languages that are more common than others. Main languages spoken in Bauchi State are Bole, Fulfulde, and Hausa. Other ones are considered to be dialects and due to the strong influence and impact of Hausa language, they almost do not exist. Ajawa, Gamo-Ningi, Kubi, and Mawa languages still have a few native speakers, but Lere, Shau and Ziriya languages are considered as endangered languages. If Hausa language continues to spread, it is estimated that very soon there will be less than 30 languages spoken in the state.

Bayelsa State

In Bayelsa state, there 10 languages, which are used for communication by people. Bayelsa state’s languages belong to the Ijo cluster. Engenn, Epie, Ijo, Izon, Biseni, Ekpeyekugbo, Ogbia, Okodia, Oruma are the main ones.

Benue State

Mainly, there are only 14 langauges spoken as the first languages in Benue State. Idoma, Igede, and Tiv are major languages in the area.

Borno State

28 languages are spoken by citizens of Borno State. It is also due to Hausa and Kanuri languages’ influence that a lot of languages are now endangered. Main languages in Borno State are Shuwa Arabic, Kanuri, and Marghi.

Cross River

Cross River State is full of different languages. You can observe more than 50 absolutely different languages in the state. Efik, Bokyi, Ejagham, Igede, and Yala are the main languages.


Delta State

The main ones, among the 11 languages spoken in Delta state, are Igbo, Igala, Isekiri, Izon, and Urhobo languages.

Read alsoThe magic of the Yoruba tribe

Ebonyi State

Izi ezaa-ikwo-mgbo, Kukele, Legbo, Mbembe, Cross River, Oring are five languages which are widely spoken in Ebonyi state.

Edo State

Almost 17 differnet languages are spoken in Edo State. The major ones are Ebira, Edo, Esan, and Okpamheri.

Ekiti State

Izon language is spoken, as the first language in Ekiti State.

Enugu State

Enugu state citizens speak Igbo as the first language. It is also a language of daily communication for most of youths in the state.

Gombe State

More than 21 languages can be heard in Gombe State. Unfortunately, most of these languages are almost dead. It is so mostly due to of strong influence of Hausa language and other main languages, such as Fulfulde or Tangale.

Imo State

Igbo is the main language of Imo state.

Jigawa State

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Bade, Hausa, Kanuri, Warji are four major languages in Jigawa State. A while ago, the Auyokawa and Teshenawa languages were spoken in the region, but now there are no speakers of these languages.

Read alsoDiscover the roots of Yoruba language in Nigeria

Kaduna State

57 languages are spoken in Kaduna State. Gbari and Hausa are themain languages; other languages remain as minor dialects.

Kano State

There are four languages spoken as the first in Kano State. Fulfulde and Hausa are the major languages, Duwai and Kaduna are small minority languages.

Kastina State

Kastina state citizens primarily speak Fulfulde and Hausa languages.

Learn how to say "Hi" in Nigerian languages

Nigeria is known for its diversity of tribes and languages; every ethnic group has its own language and customs. So if you ever meet a person from another ethnic group or another state, it may be important for you to know how to at least say “Hi”. Let’s find out how to say “hello” in different languages spoken in Nigeria.

Say “Kedu”, if you meet someone who speaks the Igbo language. It is a common way of greeting each other and literally means “how are you”. When you want to impress Yoruba language speaker, say “Bawo ni”, which is ‘how are you’ in the Yoruba language. But try not to say it to the elderly as it might be considered disrespectful.

Read alsoWhat are the features of culture in Nigeria?

“Kóyo” is a greeting used in Benin language. When you try to speak Urhobo language, remember to say “Mavo” to greet the person. “Abole” is what you say to an Idoma native speaker and “Sannu” when meet Hausa people. These are common ways of a salutation to friends or relatives. “Mesiere” is the way Efik/Ibibio people say "hello".

So as you see, more than 158 million citizens speak more than 520 languages in Nigeria. There is no doubt that such a big difference in languages spoken in Nigeria makes the country the most diverse and interesting in whole of Africa. English, the official language, has not stop ped the development of local languages. Also, a lot of movies and music are produced in local languages these days.

READ ALSO: Problem facing learners of English in Nigeria

(Video) White Guy Speaks Multiple African Languages in Nigerian Market, Locals Stunned



How many languages does Nigeria have in total? ›

Nigeria is one of the most linguistically diverse countries in the world, with over 500 languages spoken. The official language is English, but it is spoken less frequently in rural areas and amongst people with lower education levels.

What is the number 1 language in Nigeria? ›

The country has only one official language, English. According to estimates from 2018, Nigeria's major. Hausa, the largest population, is an ethnic group of people speaking the Hausa language. The Hausa are mainly present in West Africa, most of them living between Nigeria and Niger.

What are the top 2 main languages in Nigeria? ›

Hausa was an official language of the northern states from 1951 to 1967. It is the most widely spoken language, although English is the official language of Nigeria. In addition to English, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, and English Creole are widely spoken.

How many languages are there in the world 2022? ›

Ethnologue, an online publication that provides data on the languages of the world, reports that there are 7,151 living languages.

How many active languages are there? ›

Well, more than 7,100 languages are spoken in the world today. Each and every one of them make the world a diverse and beautiful place. Sadly, some of these languages are less widely spoken than others. Take Busuu, for example – we're named after a language spoken by only eight people.

What does ABEG mean in Nigeria? ›

Abeg. This simply means 'Please. ' You could say, 'Abeg come chop food' which is an invitation to a meal. It means 'Please, come and join me.

Which state has highest language in Nigeria? ›

Which state has the highest number of languages in Nigeria? Bauchi State has the highest number of dialects in the country, with 60+ languages. Some are more common than others, and the main ones are Fulfulde and Hausa.

Which country has most languages? ›

Papua New Guinea is the most multilingual country, with over 839 living languages, according to Ethnologue, a catalogue of the world's known languages. The site ranked countries and territories based on the number of languages spoken as a first language within their borders.

How do u say hello in Nigerian? ›

Ẹ n lẹ (en-le): Hello

The tradition of the Yoruba people places much emphasis on greetings generally – it's a very significant part of their culture, especially when addressing older people. The women kneel down to greet, while the men lay flat on the ground facing downwards. Ẹ n lẹ means hello in this part of Nigeria.

What is the most popular language in the world? ›

English is the largest language in the world, if you count both native and non-native speakers. If you count only native speakers, Mandarin Chinese is the largest.

What's the 2nd most spoken language in the world? ›

2. Mandarin (1,117 million speakers) Adding native and non-native speakers, Mandarin is the second most widely spoken language in the world.

What are the 7000 languages? ›

7000 Languages is a non-profit that creates free language-learning software in partnership with Indigenous communities around the world. Research has shown that kids who learn their heritage language have higher self-esteem, do better in school, and are more likely to graduate.

What language has the most words? ›


What's the hardest language to learn? ›

1. Mandarin Chinese. Interestingly, the hardest language to learn is also the most widely spoken native language in the world. Mandarin Chinese is challenging for a number of reasons.

Which is the oldest language in the world? ›

World's oldest language is Sanskrit. The Sanskrit language is called Devbhasha. All European languages ​​seem inspired by Sanskrit. All the universities and educational institutions spread across the world consider Sanskrit as the most ancient language.

What is shakara Nigeria? ›

Means Pride, to be haughty, insolent, self conceited, Example. Twitter girls shakara no be here mehn. Synonyms: ["arrogance", " insolent", " saucy"] Origin: Yoruba word.

What does Oya Na mean? ›

Initially, oya na was a phrase popular to the Yoruba's which means “hurry up” until it began to be used to refer to other things. The difference in its meanings is observed in the cadence while pronouncing. Oya na could mean okay, do whatever you want to do, answer me, let's go, take care and so many others.

What does Oya mean? ›

Oya is a common feminine Turkish given name. In Turkish, "Oya" means "lace", "Irish lace", and/or "lagestromia indica". Oya. Gender. Feminine.

What is God called in different languages in Nigeria? ›

Oluwa – One of the common of Names of God in Yoruba meaning Lord. Olorun – It also means Lord. Olodumare or Eledumare – It means the Almighty. Adagba ma paaro oye - It means that the God who does not change no matter how old he is.

Which is the biggest language in Africa? ›

SWAHILI. The most spoken language in Africa is Swahili which is said to have between 100 and 150 million speakers.

What is the most spoken language in Africa 2022? ›

The Niger-Congo languages inhabit Western, Central, Eastern and Southern Africa. The most widely spoken languages of Africa, Swahili (200 million), Yoruba (45 million), Igbo (30 million), and Fula (35 million) all belong to the Niger-Congo family. Learn more about the Niger-Congo language family on Ethnologue.

What are the 4 tribes in Nigeria? ›

It is considered that major tribes in Nigeria are Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, and Fulani.

What are the 3 major language in Nigeria? ›

Nigerian has three major languages namely Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa. The thing is not a large number of people can communicate in these three languages. This is perhaps because English is our main lingua franca. There are so many benefits of speaking these three languages.

How many tribes are in Nigeria? ›

Nigeria is made up of several ethnic groups, majority of which are the Igbo, Hausa and the Yoruba. Within these ethnic groups are several tribes numbering 371.

Which country speak most English? ›

The United Kingdom remains the largest English-speaking country in Europe. The United States and India have the most total English speakers, with 283 million and 125 million, respectively. There are also 108 million in Pakistan, 79 million in Nigeria, and 64 million in the Philippines.

Which country has least languages? ›

There are about 7,000 languages that are spoken in the world. Of these, fifty are considered global languages, meaning that they are spoken from a global perspective.
The Least Linguistically Diverse Countries in the World.
RankCountryLinguistic Diversity Index (Source: UNESCO)
1Saint Helena0
2Vaitican City0
26 more rows
1 Aug 2017

How many countries speak English? ›

English is the official language of 67 different countries and 27 non-sovereign entities around the world. But apart from that, English is also spoken in many countries where it's not an official language. In fact, some countries where English is commonly spoken may have more than one official language.

What is I love you in Nigerian? ›

A Hurum Gi N'anya” loosely translates to “I love you” in Igbo, the principal native language of the Igbo people of southeastern Nigeria.

What does OSHE mean in Nigeria? ›

Occupational Safety, Health, and Environment.

What does Kilode mean in Nigerian? ›

English Translation. why. More meanings for kilode. why adverb.

How many countries speak Igbo in the world? ›

Igbo is spoken in southern Nigeria, Kogi, Benue, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Haiti, Barbados, Belize, Trinidad and Tobago, it also supplied a large chunk of words to the Jamaican Patois.

What is Nigeria known for? ›

Nigeria is the most populous black nation on Earth. It is home to the second largest film industry on the globe whilst also being the fashion, technological and creative hub in Africa. Nigerians are known for their vibrant and friendly energy expressed through diverse creative expressions.

Where is Yoruba spoken? ›

An estimated 20+ million people speak Yorùbá as their first language in south western Nigeria and more in the Republics of Benin and Togo. Yorùbá is also spoken by diaspora communities of traders in Cote d'Ivore, Ghana, Senegal and the Gambia, and it used to be a vibrant language in Freetown, Sierra Leone.

Which language is best to learn? ›

The Most Important Languages To Learn In 2021
  1. Mandarin Chinese. With over one billion Mandarin Chinese speakers in the world, of course it tops the list of most important languages to learn in 2021. ...
  2. Spanish. ...
  3. German. ...
  4. French. ...
  5. Arabic. ...
  6. Russian. ...
  7. Portuguese. ...
  8. 8. Japanese.

What is the easiest language to learn? ›

15 of the easiest languages to learn for English speakers - ranked
  • Frisian. Frisian is thought to be one of the languages most closely related to English, and therefore also the easiest for English-speakers to pick up. ...
  • Dutch. ...
  • Norwegian. ...
  • Spanish. ...
  • Portuguese. ...
  • Italian. ...
  • French. ...
  • Swedish.
24 Oct 2021

Which language I can learn easily? ›

‍The clear winner from the 7 easiest languages to learn is Spanish. Everything from writing, grammar, and speaking will come more naturally to the English speaker. Similar rules, structure, and Latin roots.

What is the most romantic language? ›

French. French is often considered to be the most romantic language in the world. It is another Romance language that originated from Latin. French is a very musical language, and its pronunciation contributes to its melody.

Can I learn 2 languages at the same time? ›

Answer: Thankfully, your brain can definitely handle learning two (or more!) languages at once! (Two down, 6,998 to go.)

What is sweetest language in the world? ›

According to a UNESCO survey, Bengali has been classified as the sweetest language in the world. As a language, Bengali is widely spoken all over India, including Assam and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. The sweetest language in the world is also recognized in the Constitution of India.

Which language is most spoken in the world 2022? ›

Online language tool Babbel reports that English is the most spoken language in the world, with a number of speakers totaling more than 1.4 billion in 2022, according to Statistic & Data.

What is the most useful language to learn after English? ›

Here are the 7 most useful languages to learn after English:
  • Spanish.
  • French.
  • Chinese.
  • German.
  • Japanese.
  • Arabic.
  • Portuguese.

What is the least spoken language in the world? ›

Current data states that there are only 7 remaining speakers of the language. Written records are available, such as a dictionary and several books that show the grammar and syntax of the Dumi language. Dumi is the world's least spoken language and one of the rarest.

What are the five most spoken languages in the world? ›

When tallied according to number of native speakers only, these are the most spoken languages in the world.
  1. Chinese — 1.3 Billion Native Speakers. ...
  2. Spanish — 471 Million Native Speakers. ...
  3. English — 370 Million Native Speakers. ...
  4. Hindi — 342 Million Native Speakers. ...
  5. Arabic — 315 Million Native Speakers.
2 Jun 2021

How many people speak each language? ›

Ethnologue (2022, 25th edition)
LanguageFamilyTotal speakers (L1+L2)
EnglishIndo-European1.452 billion
Mandarin Chinese (incl. Standard Chinese, but excl. other varieties)Sino-Tibetan1.118 billion
Hindi (excl. Urdu)Indo-European602.2 million
SpanishIndo-European548.3 million
41 more rows

Which language did God speak? ›

Similar to Latin today, Hebrew was the chosen language for religious scholars and the holy scriptures, including the Bible (although some of the Old Testament was written in Aramaic). Jesus likely understood Hebrew, though his everyday life would have been conducted in Aramaic.

Which language has most letters? ›

The Khmer alphabet (for Khmer) is the longest, with 74 letters. Alphabets are usually associated with a standard ordering of letters.

Which language has richest vocabulary? ›

A major uniqueness of Arabic language lies in its richness. While English, French, and Russian languages have around 500,000 words, 150,000 words, and 130,000 words in its vocabulary respectively, Arabic language has 12,3 million words in its own, making it the richest language in vocabulary, by far.

Can you learn a language while sleeping? ›

Your brain can establish links between words in two languages while you're asleep. That means sophisticated learning is possible while you're snoozing.

What is the 2nd hardest language to learn? ›

2. Arabic. Arabic is the queen of poetic languages, the 6th official language of the UN and second on our list of toughest languages to learn.

Which language has hardest grammar? ›

Top 10 Hardest Languages To Learn – Finnish

After the Hungarian grammar, the Finnish language has the most challenging grammar. It sounds and looks a bit similar to English because of its pronunciation and lettering.

What is the mother of all languages? ›

Sanskrit is the Holy and Divine language of India, written in Devanagari script which is also known for its clarity and beauty. Sanskrit belongs to the Indo-European languages family.

Which language did Adam and Eve speak? ›

The Adamic language, according to Jewish tradition (as recorded in the midrashim) and some Christians, is the language spoken by Adam (and possibly Eve) in the Garden of Eden.

What language did humans first speak? ›

The Proto-Human language (also Proto-Sapiens, Proto-World) is the hypothetical direct genetic predecessor of all the world's spoken languages.

What are the 500 languages spoken in Nigeria? ›

What is the Actual Number of Languages Spoken in Nigeria?
  • Hausa with over 63 million;
  • Igbo has over 50 million;
  • Yoruba over 40 million;
  • Fulfulde 15 million;
  • Ibibio with 10 million;
  • Kanuri with 8 million;
  • Tiv with 4 million;
  • Approximately 2 to 3 million each in Edo, Igala, Nupe, Izon and Berom…
8 Nov 2019

What are the 4 tribes in Nigeria? ›

It is considered that major tribes in Nigeria are Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, and Fulani.

How many cultures are in Nigeria? ›

Nigeria is a multinational state, as it is inhabited by over 250 ethnic groupings, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. These ethnic groups speak over 500 different languages, have diverse cultures, and exhibits unique art.

How do you say hello in Nigerian? ›

Ẹ n lẹ means hello in this part of Nigeria.

How many tribes are in Nigeria? ›

Nigeria is made up of several ethnic groups, majority of which are the Igbo, Hausa and the Yoruba. Within these ethnic groups are several tribes numbering 371.

What language is Igbo? ›

Igbo (ásụ̀sụ̀ Ìgbò) is a Niger-Congo language spoken primarily in Nigeria. There are between 18 and 25 million Igbo speakers living primarily in southeastern Nigeria in an area known as Igboland. Igbo is a national language of Nigeria and is also recognised in Equatorial Guinea.

How many people in Nigeria speak English? ›

English is the official language of Nigeria, with 60 million speakers.

Which tribe is first in Nigeria? ›

Igbo. The Igbo people are descendants of the Nri Kingdom, the oldest in Nigeria. They have many customs and traditions and can be found in southeast Nigeria, consisting of about 18% of the population. This tribe differs from the others in that there is no hierarchical system of governance.

What is the largest tribe in Nigeria? ›

Largest Ethnic Groups In Nigeria
RankEthnic GroupShare of Nigerian Population
5 more rows
18 Jul 2019

Is Edo a Yoruba? ›

Benin Kingdom in Edo is Yoruba territory — Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi. The Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi, on Tuesday said Benin Kingdom in Edo State remained part of the expansive Yoruba race, a pronouncement that may spark fresh rivalry and altercation between people of the two ancient kingdoms.

Who named Nigeria? ›

Like so many modern African states, Nigeria is the creation of European imperialism. Its very name – after the great Niger River, the country's dominating physical feature – was suggested in the 1890s by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later became the wife of colonial governor Frederick Lugard.

What is the full meaning of Nigeria? ›

Official name: Federal Republic of Nigeria. Etymology: Named after the Niger River, from a native term "Ni Gir" (meaning "River Gir"). The name has often been misinterpreted as derived from the Latin niger, a reference to the dark complexions of the inhabitants of the region.

Who founded Nigeria? ›

On January 1, 1914, Lord Frederick Lugard, the governor of both the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and the Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, signed a document consolidating the two, thereby creating the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria.


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